爱趣彩

衢州安特
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丽水安特
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爱趣彩
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特种设备常见事故的应急处理和预防2016-11-17
发布时间:2016-11-17 09:53:05 浏览:916
特种设备常见事故的应急处理和预防2016-11-17 

(一)蒸汽锅炉

缺水事故定义:

爱趣彩  GUOLUZAIYUNXINGSHI,DANGSHUIWEIBIAOZHISHIDESHUIWEIDIYUZUIDISHUIWEIXIANSHI,JIAOGUOLUQUESHUI。

爱趣彩  GUOLUSHIGUZHONG,FAXIANZUIDUODESHIQUESHUISHIGU,QUESHUISHIGUFENWEILIANGZHONGQINGKUANG。

①QINGWEIQUESHUI:ZHIGUOTONGNEISHUIWEICONGSHUIWEIBIAONEIXIAOSHIHOU,YONGCHONGXISHUIWEIBIAOHE“JIAOSHUI”DEFANGFA,SHUIWEINENGCHUXIAN,CHENGWEIGUOLUQINGWEIQUESHUI。

爱趣彩②YANZHONGQUESHUI:ZHIDANGCAIYONG“JIAOSHUI”DEFANGFAHOU,GUOLUDESHUIWEIRENGRANBUNENGZAIBIAONEI

爱趣彩CHUXIANDE,CHENGWEIGUOLUYANZHONGQUESHUI。


症状:

  GUOLUQUESHUISHI,SHUIWEIBIAONEISHUIWEIDIYUJIXIANSHUIWEIERBUKEJIAN,SHUIWEIBAOJINGQIFACHUDISHUIWEIBAOJING,LINGXIANGDENGLIANG,DISHUIWEILIANSUOZHUANGZHISHIGUFENGJI、YINFENGJIDENGTINGZHIYUNXING;GUOLUPAIYANWENDUSHENGGAO,QUESHUIYANZHONGSHI,LUDINGCHANSHENGJIAOHUWEI,CONGLUMENKEKANDAOSHAOHONGDESHUILENGBIGUAN,LUGUANBIANXINGSHENZHIBAOGUAN,KETINGDAOBAOPOSHENG,ZHENGQIHEYANQICONGLUMENKANHUOMENPENCHU。


应急处理:

爱趣彩  SHOUXIANXIAODUIGESHUIWEIBIAOSUOZHISHIDESHUIWEI,ZHENGQUEPANDUANSHIFOUQUESHUI:ZAIWUFAQUEDINGQUESHUIHAISHIMANSHUISHI,KEKAIQISHUIWEIBIAOFANGSHUIXUANSAI,RUOWUGUOSHUILIUCHU。BIAOMINGSHIQUESHUISHIGU,FOUZESHIMANSHUISHIGU。

  ANZHAOYIXIACHENGXUJINXING“JIAOSHUI”,XIANKAIQISHUIWEIBIAOFANGSHUIXUANSAI,ZAIGUANBIQILIANGUANXUANSAI,RANHOUHUANMANGUANBIFANGSHUIXUANSAI,GUANCHASHUIWEIBIAONEISHIFOUYOUSHUIWEICHUXIAN,CISHI,SHUIWEIBIAODESHANGBUMEIYOUYALI,ZHIYAOSHUIWEIBUDIYUSHUILIANGUANKONG,JIEZHUGUOTONGNEIDEQIYAJIUNENGJIANGSHUIWEIBIAONEIDESHUIWEISHENGGAO,YIZHINENGGOUKANDAO,BIAOMINGSHIQINGWEIQUESHUI。RUGUOJINGGUO“JIAOSHUI”SHUIWEIBIAONEIRENGWUSHUIWEICHUXIAN,BIAOMINGSHIYANZHONGQUESHUI。

爱趣彩  BIXUZHUYI,“JIAOSHUI”FABUSHIYONGYUSHUIWEIBIAODESHUILIANGUANKONGKOUDIYUZUIGAOHUOJIEDEWOSHIGUOLU,YINWEIJISHIJIAOCHULESHUI,GUOLUNEIDESHIJISHUIWEIRENGZAIZUIGAOHUOJIEYIXIA,ZHEISHIFEICHANGWEIXIANDE。

爱趣彩  GUOLUQINGWEIQUESHUISHI,YINGJIANSHAORANLIAOHESONGFENG,JIANRUORANSHAO,BINGQIEHUANMANDIXIANGGUOLUJINSHUI,TONGSHIYAOCHAMINGQUESHUIDEYUANYIN,LIRU,JISHUIGUAN、LUGUAN、SHENGMEIQIGUANSHIFOULOUSHUIHUOFAMENSHIFOUKAICUODENG。DAISHUIWEIZHUJIANHUIFUDAOZUIDIANQUANSHUIWEIXIANSHANGYISHANGHOU,ZAIZENGJIARANLIAOHESONGFENG,HUIFUDAOZHENGCHANGRANLIAO。

爱趣彩  GUOLUYANZHONGQUESHUISHI,YIJIYISHIWUFAQUFENQUESHUI(YINWEIGUOLUYANZHONGQUESHUIHOU,GANGGUANYIJINGGUORE,SHENZHISHAOHONG),YINGJINJITINGLU。TINGLUDEZHUYAOBUZHOU:TINGZHIGONGJIRANLIAOHESONGFENG,JIANRUOYINFENG;XIMIEHEQINGCHULUTANGNEIDERANLIAO(ZHIHUOCHUANGRANSHAOGUOLU),ZHUYIBUNENGYONGXIANGLUTANGJIAOSHUIDEFANGFAMIEHUO,ERYONGHUANGSHAHUOSHIMEIHUIJIANGHONGHUOYAMIE;DAKAILUMEN、HUIMEN,YANFENGDAOZHAMENDENG,YILENGQUELUZI;RUGUOMANGMUJINSHUI,SHIZHUOREDEJINSHUTURANSHOUDAOLENGQUE,YOUYUWENCHAJIDA,XIANYUSHUIDEBUWEIJIJUSHOUSUOERSILIE,DANGJIFASHENGBAOZHASHIGU。


预防方法:

爱趣彩①JIAQIANGGUOLUGONGDEANQUANJISHUJIAOYU,XUNSUTIGAOCAOZUOSHUIPING。

②JINGCHANGCHONGXISHUIWEIBIAO,QUEBAOSHUIWEIBIAOZHISHISHUIWEIZHUNQUE。

③JIAQIANGJISHUIZHUANGZHIJISHUIWEIBAOJINGXITONGDEWEIHUGUANLI,DINGQIJINXINGXIAOYANHEDIAOXIAO。

④ZHENGQUEANZHUANGSHUIWEIBIAO,YUNXINGZHONGJIAQIANGJIANCHA,FANGZHICHUXIANJIASHUIWEI。


 满水事故应急处理:

①DANGGUOLUQIYAZHENGCHANG、SHUIWEIGAOYUZUIGAOANQUANSHUIWEIXIAN,DANDIYUSHANGBUKEJIANBIANYUANSHI,YINGCHONGXISHUIWEIBIAO,PANDUANSHUIWEISHIFOUWEIJIASHUIWEI,RUQUEDINGSHUIWEIZHISHIZHUNQUE,JIUYINGCAIQUCUOSHIJIANSHAOJISHUI,HUIFUSHUIWEIZHENGCHANG。

②SHUIWEIJIXUSHENGGAOSHI,YINGKAIQIPAIWUFAHESHIGUFANGSHUIFAFANGSHUI。FANGCHUSHAOLIANGGUOSHUI,SHISHUIWEIJIANGDAOZHENGCHANGSHUIWEIXIAN,RANHOUHUIFUZHENGCHANGYUNXING。

爱趣彩③JINGSHANGSHUCHULIHOU,RUGUOGUOTONGSHUIRENGJIXUSHANGSHENG,QIEGAOYUSHANGBUKEJIANBIANYUAN,YINGCAIQUJINJITINGLUCUOSHI,CHAMINGGUZHANGYUANYINQIEXIAOCHUYINHUANHOU,ZAIHUIFUYUNXING。


汽水共腾事故应急处理:

①JIANRUORANSHAO,GUANXIAOZHUQIFA,JIANGDIFUHE。

爱趣彩②QUANKAIGUOTONGBIAOMIANPAIWUFA,BINGSHIDANGKAIQIDINGQIPAIWUFA,TONGSHIJIADAJISHUI,BAOCHIZHENGCHANGSHUIWEI,YIJIANGDIGUOLUDEHANYANLIANG,TIGUOGUOSHUIPINZHI。

③CAIQUYOUXIAOCUOSHI,GAISHANGUOSHUIPINZHI,ZENGJIADUIGUOSHUIDEHUAYANFENXICISHU,ZAOCHENGZHENGQIGUANDAOSHUIJISHI,YINGKAIQIZHENGQIGUANDAOHEFENQIGANGSHANGDESHUSHUIQI(FA)JIANGSHUIPAICHU。

爱趣彩④GUZHANGPAICHUHOU,YINGCHONGXISHUIWEIBIAOHUIFUZHENGCHANGYUNXING,RUJINGSHANGSHUCHULIHOUGUZHANGRENGWEIPAICHU,YINGLIJITINGLUJIANCHA,BINGLIJIXIANGYOUGUANLINGDAOHUIBAO。


锅炉超压事故应急处理:

①JIANRUORANSHAO。

爱趣彩②RUANQUANFASHILINGERBUNENGJINJIPAIQISHI,KEYISHOUDONGJINXINGPAIQI。

③BAOCHISHUIWEIBIAOZHENGCHANGSHUIWEI。

④JINXINGSHANGSHUIHEPAIWU,JIANGDILUWEN。

爱趣彩⑤NONGQINGCHAOYACHANSHENGDEYUANYINHOU,ZAIJUEDINGYAHUOHUOHUIFUYUNXING。


热水锅炉汽化及处理锅水汽化症状:

①GUONEIYOUSHUIJIXIANGSHENG,GUANDAOFASHENGZHENDONG。

②YALITURANSHENGGAO。

③CHAOWENJINGBAOQIFACHUBAOJINGXUNHAO。

④YOUANQUANFAPAICHUZHENGQI。


应急处理:

①TURANTINGDIANHOUJIETONGBEIYONGDIANYUAN,HUOZHEQIYONGYOUNEIRANJIDAIDONGDEBEIYONGXUNHUANSHUIBENG。

爱趣彩②TURANTINGDIAN,YOUWUBEIYONGDIANYUAN,YINGQIEDUANTONGWAIGUANXIAN;YOUTIAOJIANSHI,KEXIANGGUOLUNEIJIAZILAISHUI,BINGQIETONGGUOGUOLUCHUSHUIKOUDEXIEFANGFAHUANMANPAICHU,SHIGUOSHUIYIMIANLIUDONG,YIMIANJIANGWEN,ZHIZHIXIAOCHULUNEIYUREWEIZHI。TONGSHIDAKAILUMENHESHENGMEIQIPANGLUYANDAO,SHILUNEIWENDUXUNSUJIANGDI。

爱趣彩③ZILAISHUILAIYUANWUBAOZHENG,ERXITONGHUISHUINENGYOUPANGLUYINRUGUOLUSHI,YEKEJIANGYOUJINGYADEHUISHUIYINRU,ZAIYOUXIEFANGFAPAICHU,SHIGUOLUNEIZHUJIANLENGQUE。

④DANGGUOSHUIWENDUJIJUSHANGSHENG,CHUXIANYANZHONGQIHUASHI,YINGJINJITINGLU。